My research focuses on nondeliberative forms of thought and action. In recent years I have worked to integrate empirical research on implicit social cognition with philosophical theorizing about the architecture of the mind. My research has also focused on the relationship between nondeliberative action and the self, drawing on “self-disclosure” views of agency. Finally, I have explored an ethics of automaticity focused both on how agents can regulate their unwanted attitudes and biases and also whether, and how, one’s “mere” inclinations and habits can ever become reliable guides toward ethical action.
Edited with Jennifer Saul. Available now from Oxford University Press.
Stereotypes, Prejudice, and the Taxonomy of the Implicit Social Mind. With Alex Madva. Forthcoming in Noûs.
Implicit Attitudes, Social Learning, and Moral Credibility. Forthcoming in the Routledge Handbook of the Social Mind.
Implicit Bias and Race. Forthcoming in the Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Race.
Doing without believing: Intellectualism, knowledge-how, and belief-attribution. With Eliot Michaelson. 2015. Synthese. DOI: 10.1007/s11229-015-0888-9
Attributionism and Moral Responsibility for Implicit Bias. 2015. Review of Philosophy and Psychology. DOI 10.1007/s13164-015-0287-7
When bias is implicit, how might we think about repairing harm? 2015. Current Opinion in Psychology 6, 183-188.
Implicit Bias. Overview article for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Implicit Bias, Context, and Character. Forthcoming. In Brownstein, M. and Saul, J. (Eds). Implicit Bias and Philosophy: Volume 2, Moral Responsibility, Structural Injustice, and Ethics. Oxford University Press.
Rationalizing Flow: Agency in Skilled Unreflective Action. 2013. Philosophical Studies. DOI 10.1007/s11098-013-0143-5
Ethical Automaticity. With Alex Madva. 2012. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42:1, 67-97.
The Normativity of Automaticity. With Alex Madva. 2012. Mind and Language 27:4, 410-434.
Recent and Upcoming Presentations
Brooklyn Public Philosophers, April 27th 2016
Keynote address for the Columbia University School of General Studies Honor Society Induction
Doing without Believing (with Eliot Michaelson), at the North Carolina Philosophical Society, UNC Chapel Hill. Winner, Best Essay in category of Untenured Faculty.
Works in Progress
The Implicit Mind
Monograph in contract with Oxford University Press. A normative account of spontaneity and automaticity in mind, action, and ethics.
Can you be too self-controlled? Conceptual, ethical, and ideological issues in positive psychology
Argues against Peterson and Seligman's claim that "there is no true disadvantage of having too much self-control." Draft
Self-Control for Hyperopics Like Me
Examines the phenomenon of excessive far-sightedness and its conspicuous absence from the literature on self-regulation. Draft
Implicit Bias Resources
MAP (Minorities and Philosophy)
Race and Education
This course focuses on the role of stereotypes, prejudice, and social group membership in student experiences and outcomes from primary school through college in the United States. Readings are drawn from philosophical and psychological literature, and well as popular narratives. The aim of the course is to address the intersection of race and education from both theoretical and practical perspectives. What are the best ways to understand the relevant social and individual challenges? And how can these challenges be overcome? Syllabus
Philosophy and Psychology of Race and Gender
Persistent inequalities between social groups are a blight on modern, liberal democracies, which pride themselves on the idea of justice and fairness for all. This course focuses on inequalities having to do with race and gender, with special emphasis of the psychology of prejudice. Syllabus
Understanding Technological Society (through Food)
This course examines the impact of science and technology on politics, economics, culture, health, and morality. We will focus on one particular example: food. Topics include: industrial agriculture, food and justice, food and community, and the ethics of eating. This course includes a service learning component, guest lectures, film, and a variety of technical and non-technical readings. Syllabus
Philosophy and the Science of Human Nature
This course focuses on four topics that philosophers have thought about for thousands of years: happiness, morality, virtue and free will. In recent years, scientists have begun to examine these same subjects, bringing to bear on them the modern tools of their trade (experimental studies, statistical analysis, etc.). This course has three aims: (1) to use any tools we can in order to understand something about these really really really important questions; (2) to examine the very methodological promiscuity assumed in (1); and (3) to re-examine our beliefs and maybe even change our lives a little in light of what we learn. Syllabus
Mind and Machines
Is the mind like an extraordinarily complex machine? If so, what kind of machine is it like? This course examines the most contemporary mechanical metaphor for the mind: the computer. The idea that the mind is like a computer is the founding assumption of modern cognitive science. In trying to understand how the mind is or is not like a computer, we will take what John Haugeland calls a “mind design” approach; that is, we will try to understand what the mind is like by thinking about how it is built. Syllabus
Workshop: Can Psychology Improve Policing?
Organized with Susanna Siegel. April 29th 2016 at Harvard University. Details here.
Implicit Bias Training
For the Pima County Superior Court, Juvenile Court, and Consolidated Justice Court. July 2015, with Alex Madva. Participant survey results both immediately following the training and 3 months later here. Coverage from the National Association of State Judicial Educators here.
Program Chair (with Deena Weisberg and Felipe de Brigard), 41st Annual Meeting of the Society for Philosophy and Psychology
June 4-6, 2015 at Duke University. Info here.
Toward Habitual Egalitarianism: Prejudice Reduction and Control over Implicit Attitudes
With Brian Nosek, Alex Madva, and Calvin Lai. Proposal to study long-term prejudice reduction and its philosophical ramifications. Proposal
Stats for Philosophers
Free one-day workshop for philosophers interested in becoming more competent readers of empirical literature.
Workshop speakers: Joshua Knobe (Yale, philosophy and psychology); Edouard Machery (Pitt, HPS); Virginia Valian (Hunter, psychology); Siminie Vazire (Washington, psychology)
Friday, November 8, 2013 at the CUNY Graduate Center
More About Me
I'm married to the fiber artist Reine Hewitt. We live in Ft. Greene, Brooklyn with our three kids, Leda, Iggy, and Minerva; our dog, Frances; and six laying hens (Jumper, Chickie, Brown Stripe, Black Stripe, Comfort, and Puffin).
I am also a board member and past President of the Ft. Greene Tennis Association, which recently raised over $60,000 to repair our neighborhood tennis courts (before and after). I serve as an adviser to the Ft. Greene Park Conservancy as well.